Organization Design is a powerful tool to synergize the expertise and competencies of employees and align them to the expectation and aspiration of multiple stakeholders towards the vision and goals of the organization. Developing appropriate design and structures has emerged as a single most challenge for organizations in India as most of them are deeply entrenched in large scale bureaucratization. It is in the context of this that the book on “Organization Theory, Design and Structure” seeks to discuss the alternative ways of organizing the resources in general and employees in a highly uncertain and complex environment. The book examines the interactive and dynamic relations among the four components of organizations – Theories, Design, Structure and Processes and their impact on the integration of individual needs and organizational goals through various coordinating mechanisms. The book addresses a wide variety of ways in which organizations structure themselves to gain a competitive edge in a globalized world. This is the first book written in Indian context that provides in-depth analysis of an interactive relationship between organization theories, design, structure, and process.